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Ofcom Finds Just 55000 UK Homes on a Social Broadband Tariff UPDATE2

Tuesday, Feb 15th, 2022 (8:29 am) - Score 2,048
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Ofcom has published their latest report on the availability and take-up of cheaper broadband social tariffs from UK ISPs, which finds that – out of an estimated 4.2 million households in receipt of Universal Credit – just 55,000 homes have taken such a package (1.2% of those eligible). The regulator calls on all providers to do more.

Consumer broadband services are often considered to be quite reasonably priced in the UK, but there are always those – often in the most disadvantaged groups (i.e. low income, unemployed etc.) – who may struggle with paying their bills. The latter has become a much bigger problem during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is also being exasperated by a surge in inflation and the rising cost of key services, such as energy (gas and electric).

NOTE: The regulator states that a standard commercial broadband package costs an unemployed person claiming Universal Credit an average of £27 per month – 8.3% of their monthly disposable income. A £15 social tariff would almost halve their broadband costs and use up 4.6% of disposable income.

The UK Government and Ofcom have so far been responding to this by encouraging more UK ISPs to proactively introduce and promote low-cost social tariffs, which tend to be available to those on certain benefits. The regulator has also previously warned of further action if providers fail to put more effort into tackling this issue, which they said could include the potential introduction of an industry-wide regulated social tariff.

In response we’ve seen a fair few changes. For example, BT has significantly improved their existing social broadband tariffs (Home Essentials) and they’ve also been joined by new or enhanced tariffs from several other providers, including Virgin Media (Essential Broadband), Hyperoptic (Fair Fibre Plans), KCOM (Flex) and G.Network (Essential Fibre).

Product Price Speed Eligibility
BT Home Essentials £15 a month Avg. 36Mbit/s Various benefits (in and out of work)
BT Home Essentials 2 £20 a month Avg. 67Mbit/s Various benefits (in and out of work)
CommunityFibre £10 a month 10 Mbit/s Various benefits (in and out of work)
G.Network Essential Fibre Broadband £15 a month 50 Mbit/s Various benefits (in and out of work)
Hyperoptic Fair Fibre 50 £15 a month 50 Mbit/s Various benefits (in and out of work)
KCOM Full Fibre Flex £19.99 a month 30 Mbit/s Various benefits (in and out of work)
Virgin Media Essential Broadband £15 a month 15 Mbit/s Universal Credit

However, it’s already well known that one of the biggest problems on this front has been the sheer lack of consumer awareness around the existence of such tariffs. Broadband ISPs, perhaps understandably, tend not to openly promote them alongside their main packages and instead hide their social tariffs away on separate pages, which require more effort to uncover. As a result, Ofcom claims that recipients are missing out on an average annual broadband saving of £144 each.

According to Ofcom’s new Affordability Report, some 1.1 million households (5% of the UK) are “struggling to afford their home broadband service” and so could stand to benefit from such tariffs, but customers are often left in the dark. The research shows that the vast majority of benefits recipients (84%) are unaware that social tariffs even exist, and so it’s hardly a surprise that take-up is extremely low.

In response, the regulator is today asking, but NOT forcing (yet), current providers of social tariffs to “do a lot more” to raise awareness and ensure it is easy for those eligible to sign-up. On top of that, they’ve reiterated earlier calls for all providers to consider introducing such a tariff.

Ofcom Urges ISPs To:

➤ Offer a social tariff. While many are doing so, companies which still do not include EE, Plusnet, Shell Energy, Sky Broadband, TalkTalk and Vodafone.

➤ Promote discounted deals.
Any communications with customers about price rises should also include details of available social tariffs. Providers should also consider partnering with local authorities and consumer advice agencies to spread the word.

➤ Make the information clear.
Details on social tariffs should appear prominently on websites and include clear information about who is eligible.

➤ Make it easy to sign up.
Broadband companies should review their application processes to make sure they are easy to follow. Customers must not be put off applying for a social tariff by making it hard to prove they’re eligible.

Ofcom’s report also noted that the existing providers of fixed broadband social tariffs have no plans to raise prices for these tariffs in 2022. This suggests that the need for social tariffs, and the value of them to financially vulnerable people, could further increase.

The regulator added that they would continue to track the extent to which households have difficulty paying for communication services through their ongoing research programme, as well as monitoring take-up and awareness. In addition, they will shortly publish proposals to “help ensure that customers in debt or at risk of disconnection are treated fairly by their provider.”

Lindsey Fussell, Ofcom’s Networks and Communications Group Director, said:

“People rely on their broadband for staying in touch, working and learning from home. But for those who are really struggling with rising bills, every penny counts.

Special discounts can make all the difference, and too many broadband firms are failing either to promote their social tariff or to offer one at all. We expect companies to step up support for those on low incomes, and we’ll be watching their response.”

Matthew Upton, Director of Policy at Citizens Advice, said:

“We know that 1 in 10 people aren’t confident they’ll be able to pay their broadband bill in the next three months. This comes as the majority of us face huge increases on our broadband bill, piling on yet more pressure in the middle of a cost-of-living crisis.

It’s been more than six months since Ofcom and the government started pushing social tariffs as an answer, but the shameful 1% take-up says it all. It’s people on the lowest incomes who are missing out.

If firms aren’t able to show serious increases in the number of people they’re helping move to these tariffs in the next six months, the government and Ofcom must take action.”

The good news today, for ISPs at least, is that Ofcom has not yet moved to force the introduction of a mandatory social tariff, and they haven’t enforced any new requirements on providers in terms of how such tariffs should be promoted (this would be a logical first step). But much as we’ve seen in the past, if change doesn’t come via some soft nudging, then we could well see more movement on this front in the future.

Clearly the big problem to address is awareness and promotion, while forcing a mandatory social tariff on all ISPs is a much bigger challenge and may not have the desired impact, particularly among smaller players that already have to struggle against the big boys – the latter have economics of scale on their side.

Broadband provision also tends to be a business with fairly low per-user margins, which makes it difficult for providers to permanently gift super cheap (loss making) packages to lots of people without putting themselves at risk, or forcing bigger price rises on to other customers. The latter issue won’t be noticeable yet because take-up is low, but that may change if Ofcom is successful.

Ofcom’s laser focus on fixed broadband above also seems to overlook the fact that it’s today possible to buy some incredibly cheap 4G and 5G based unlimited home broadband tariffs, such as from £14 per month via Three UK. Some low-income households are even known to have completely dumped their fixed line in favour of a mobile solution, but so far as we’re aware the impact of this is still relatively small.

Finally, one other option that has been suggested by the odd ISP, such as BT, is for the Government to assist the launch of such tariffs by providing a new subsidy scheme, but they’ve so far shown little interest in that idea.

UPDATE 9:59am

Vodafone has been quick to point out that their entry-level “superfast” plans are already priced within the same area as Ofcom’s list of social tariffs (£10-£20 per month).

A Vodafone UK spokesperson told ISPreview.co.uk:

“Vodafone’s broadband is already priced below Ofcom’s threshold of a ‘social tariff’ – at £18 for Superfast 1 and £19 for Superfast. We also don’t require customers to meet any specific criteria to get these great prices; our plans are available to all families.”

The caveat above, which Vodafone fails to mention, is that those prices are a discounted rate. The small print on Vodafone’s website states: “Please note, your monthly bill will increase by £10 a month for Superfast plans … after your initial 24 month contract.” By comparison, social tariffs only rarely increase in price and thus there should only ever be a minimal, if any, impact from being loyal.

However, Vodafone does make a valid point. We should add that a fair few alternative networks also have 30Mbps+ packages or faster that come in at a similar level.

UPDATE 11:54am

We should point out that Ofcom also requires social tariffs to offer pricing stability (i.e. mid-contract price and out-of-contract price increases are not consistent with this), avoid early termination charges and have minimal initial upfront costs. As such, an ISP cannot merely convert an existing package and call it comparable to a ‘social tariff’ without factoring this in first. Social tariffs must also be cheaper than their commercial counterparts.

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By Mark Jackson
Mark is a professional technology writer, IT consultant and computer engineer from Dorset (England), he also founded ISPreview in 1999 and enjoys analysing the latest telecoms and broadband developments. Find me on X (Twitter), Mastodon, Facebook and .
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14 Responses
  1. Avatar photo New_Londoner says:

    Surely the most effective way to ensure that the recipients of benefits that qualify for these schemes is for the relevant government agencies to inform them that social tariffs are available.

    Looking at the various tariffs lists in the article, KCom and Virgin are outliers and ought to try a little harder, both appearing to be £5 per month too expensive given what they are offering versus the others. Having said that, at least they have a social tariff, it’s about time the other ISPs stepped forward.

    1. Avatar photo Alex A says:

      I don’t think Virgin really need it. They’ve always been a more premium focused ISP so a low cost social tariff isn’t a high priority for them.

      KCom could really do with a better one since they are the dominant provider in Hull.

  2. Avatar photo Fibremuncher says:

    This article doesn’t appear to recognise the fact that the many households that are struggling will have no landline, having dumped that service fairly early on in recognition that keeping a mobile is more important and often much better value for money. So it doesn’t really matter how cheap these social tariffs get, or how much subsidy the government chooses to invest in the scheme, without actually addressing the fundamental problem it’s not going to be much help.

    1. Avatar photo Buggerlugz says:

      very true, good point!

    2. Mark-Jackson Mark Jackson says:

      Do you have any data to show the actual impact of that Fibremuncher, in terms of households? Would be useful context. I’ve generally understood it to be relatively small, but could be wrong.

    3. Avatar photo tinker says:

      Very true, excellent point. In fairness to Mark though it looks like the regulator and Citizens Advice don’t appear to recognise this either.

    4. Avatar photo Alex A says:

      Mobile is a fair point, Smarty are doing £10 for 60Gb, £15 for 200GB or £200 for unlimited. All with unlimited calls and texts. For someone on low income getting a load of data on their phone and sparing fixed line can make a lot of sense.

    5. Avatar photo James Johnson says:

      Why is an active phone line required ?
      SOGEA is a thing.

  3. Avatar photo Bill Green says:

    It is good that these social tariffs are being promoted however there are still many parts of the UK where people will be lucky to get even 5 meg let alone the speeds suggested here. And I would also urge people to be wary of the nice name sounding Community Fibre. Nip to their website and see you cannot go further without agreeing to them putting cookies onto your device. And finally far from charging these lower prices as social tariffs it is about time, in 2022, that the most your should be compelled to pay for your internet is no more than the maximum speed you can get. SO where people can still only get 1-2 meg on a landline I suggest they should only be paying £1-2 per month. That might focus Openreach on bringing exchanges up to standard.

    1. Avatar photo Mike says:

      Almost everywhere can get a decent service either via landline or 4/5G many just choose to moan rather than do something about it.

  4. Avatar photo Roger More says:

    If your a smaller ISP running off any wholesale broadband platform you cant offer a social tarrif unless you want to lose money on every connection

  5. Avatar photo Phil says:

    Plusnet are £4 dearer on FTTC 80/20 at £24 per month and £7 dear on FTTC 40/10 at £22 per month.

    Shame on you Plusnet.

  6. Avatar photo John Barnes says:

    It’s all very well stating that the cheaper alternatives are there if you want them. In my home street you can have either Virgin Media or Sky. Virgin Media don’t publish their cheaper deals anywhere and apart from Sky, no other company can currently supply homes because the cables are laid in the main food only but connected to none of the houses and on approaching some of the companies, I was unable to get ANY indication on when these would be available to us. I could be getting the same broadband speeds for half my current bill but have been told severe times thar the companies will contact me when the work has been completed. I don’t even want a TV package as I never watch it!. Very frustrating!!!!!

  7. Avatar photo Mick says:

    It’s all very well having these so-called social tariff deals, but all those I’ve so far tried to enroll with inform me that the service isn’t available for my postcode area, which is only five miles from the centre of Manchester, for crysakes! I tell you, I’m very quickly arriving at the conclusion that this is a deliberate ploy by these companies to avoid taking on benefit recipients. And as for Ofcom, they’re just like every other so-called watchdog in the UK: not so much a watchdog, there for the benefit of the consumer; rather more like a guard dog, protecting the interests of the business sector.

Comments are closed

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