Broadband ISP Technology

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Broadband is a general term for any telecoms technology that can carry a lot of data, using a wide range (band) of frequencies, over fixed telephone lines or wireless communication methods. In the UK broadband is most typically used to describe high-speed Internet access technologies (see below).
Categories
Select a category from the list below..
network cable snake
  1. Fixed Line Narrowband
  2. Fixed Line Broadband
  3. Wireless Broadband
Summary - UK Fixed Line Broadband Statistics (Last Updated Apr 2014)
Broadband Technology Market Share
Superfast Broadband Coverage

The graphs on this introductory page are regularly updated and should give you some indication as to the status of national broadband performance, access, uptake and availability in the United Kingdom.

At present home internet access is primarily delivered over fixed lines and through a variety of different technologies, which are explained in the above categories. Ofcom (telecoms regulator) splits these services into two camps based on their performance:

Average Download Speeds (Real)

Broadband Speed Definitions (Ofcom)

Standard Broadband
Services that supply actual internet download speeds of at least 2Mbps (Megabits per second), which is generally delivered using Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) or ADSL2+ technology over existing copper telephone lines.

Superfast Broadband
Services that supply headline download speeds of at least 30Mbps, which are most commonly provided through fibre optic and or coaxial cables in the form of Hybrid Fibre / Fibre-to-the-Cabinet (FTTC), Fibre-to-the- Home (FTTP/H) or cable (DOCSIS). It’s worth noting that some government supported broadband schemes define superfast as 25Mbps+.

At the time of writing some 92.2% of the country can access a ‘standard broadband’ service (note: this rises to 100% if you include sub-2Mbps speeds), which falls to 73% for superfast connections (88% Urban / 76% Semi-Urban / 25% Rural); this reflects Ofcom's data from Q2-2013.

Take note that BT's open fixed line telecoms network, which is used by most of the main ISPs except Virgin Media and some smaller providers, dominates most of country’s national infrastructure and reaches nearly 100% of the population. By comparison Virgin Media’s closed cable network covers around 50% of the country and is primarily focused on urban areas.

Meanwhile Satellite services can reach close to 100% of the population but they are costly and quite restrictive. By contrast there are a growing number of fixed wireless networks (FWA) but these are predominantly niche and only cover specific areas. Finally Mobile Broadband is available to most people and is reasonably affordable, if a little more restrictive than fixed lines.

Total Broadband Lines vs Superfast Broadband Users
Data Sources (Graphs and Statistics):
* Market Share by Technology (Ofcom Data Tables Q2-2013)
* Broadband Coverage (Ofcom Infrastructure Update Q2 2013)
* Superfast Broadband Coverage (Point Topic Q4-2013 / Ofcom 2013)
* Superfast Broadband Users (Point Topic Q3 2013 / Ofcom)
* Broadband Lines (Ofcom Data Tables Q2-2013)
* Fixed Line Broadband Speeds (Ofcom Q1 2014 Speeds Report)

Useful Articles:
* The UK Best Broadband ISPs for 2014
* Broadband Buyers Guide
* UK ADSL Broadband Internet Connection Tips and Tweaks
* Broadband Solutions for Remote and Rural UK Communities
* The Definition of UK Superfast Next Generation Broadband
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